On July 16, 2022, a fishing boat with a Chinese flag will drop tuna at Princess Wharf in Suva, Fiji.Reuters / Kirstiny Dam
SUVA: Pacific island nations focus on superpowers in courts in China and the United States and pledge to unite with the world’s two largest carbon emitters in the face of growing geopolitical conflicts as they move toward climate change. I told him to take more action.
Leaders of the Pacific Islands Forum’s four-day summit in Fiji’s capital, Suva, said Washington promised more financial and diplomatic involvement, while trading and security agreements with some countries. Furious at China’s attempt to divide into.
The exclusive economic zone of 17 forum members spans 30 million square kilometers (10 million square miles) of water and provides half of the world’s most eaten fish, tuna. As rising seas flood the lowlands, countries are feeling some of the most serious effects of climate change.
At the summit, which ended Thursday, leaders adopted the language used by several members in declaring a climate emergency, supported not only by science but also by the daily lives of the Pacific people. Said.
An unpublished communiqué shows that countries are focusing on the next UN Climate Change Conference, COP27. They will promote the doubling of climate funding from large emitters to developing countries within two years. They say they need money to adapt to rising sea levels and worsening storms.
The communiqué seen by Reuters also calls for significant progress at COP27 in funding “losses and damages” to vulnerable societies that are unable to adapt and need to relocate their communities.
“Most important to us is the phasing out of coal and other fossil fuels from all countries at COP27, strengthening funding for the most vulnerable countries, and the most important” losses and damages “. It’s about ensuring a bold commitment to move the cause forward. It puts the island community at risk. “
“We cannot be content with the survival of all the island nations of the Pacific,” said Bainimarama, the chair of the forum.
Tuvalu’s Foreign Minister Simon Kofe told Reuters at the last Global Climate Conference that he knelt on the sea and literally waved to show what his country was facing. We are asking. It’s very expensive. “
As the Pacific Summit ends, Australia’s coal mining inventories will allow China to resume imports after a two-year political dispute suspends coal transport from the second largest exporter to the world’s largest coal burners. Expectations soared.
In contrast to the bullish market, the leaders of the thatched roof headquarters of the forum are on the right of fishing grounds as defined by the distance from the nation of people whose country has sunk into the sea, or land that may disappear. Discussed how to deal with it.
The communiqué cites the urgent need for assistance in debt vulnerabilities and rising food costs during the pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
At the video address to the forum, US Vice President Kamala Harris promised to triple funding for the Pacific islands and open more embassies for over a decade under the Fisheries Treaty.
Pacific leaders were sometimes frustrated by the global focus on the conflict between Washington and Beijing over their region.
Australia, in tune, made less talk about security and promised greater support for the climate change agenda of neighboring countries, but the announcement of maritime surveillance to protect sustainable fisheries is at the heart of it. Suggested anxiety.
“It’s hard to claim that countries responsible for most of the illegal fishing will help the region stop illegal fishing,” Australia’s Pacific Minister Pat Conroy said in an interview.
Australian officials have personally stated that they do not want security choices in the region driven by economic ties with China. The Pacific islands are sophisticated parties, but many have historic debt to Beijing and need financial support.
For example, Fiji has not received a loan from China since 2012, but this year it continues to provide import and export bank loans to the government for a Chinese infrastructure project that costs 40 million FJ ($ 18 million).
Michael Schubridge, an analyst at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, said Beijing has a record of “division of regionalism” for 10 years to engage with recent Pacific diplomacy and European countries and bypass the European Union. He said it shows similarities to the platform created earlier.
In an interview, some leaders complained that Beijing had signed a security deal, after which China offered a non-negligible economic opportunity for the Solomon Islands, but especially to the competition of the big powers on security. April with the Solomon Islands, which stated that they had agreed to maintain unity in their response. The Forum’s Secretary-General publicly criticized China’s bid in May for about half of the Forum’s members to exclude Taiwan-related members and sign a trade and security agreement that excludes Australia and New Zealand. .. Summit leaders said they were in a hurry without consultation.
The Chinese embassy in Fiji responded on Twitter on Saturday, saying Beijing had prepared a outcome document and submitted it to the Pacific islands a month before the foreign ministers’ meeting. Beijing said through its annual meeting with the Foreign Minister that it has created a new platform for working with Pacific island nations. ($ 1 = 2.2578 Fiji dollars)