Paris: As Russia’s invasion of Ukraine masks the threat of rising emissions, negotiators from about 200 countries are tasked with rekindling the momentum of global warming efforts on Monday for climate negotiations. Gathered in Germany. The conference sets the stage for a new round of major UN talks in Egypt later this year. It is also an opportunity to try out solutions for countries facing a catalog of crises, such as growing climate impacts, geopolitical tensions, Ukrainian bloodshed, and the threat of a catastrophic global food crisis.

Patricia Espinosa, head of climate change at the United Nations, called for adherence to international unity and told the delegation that “it is unacceptable to say that we are in a difficult time.” “We need to understand that climate change is changing exponentially. We can no longer afford to make gradual progress,” she said at the June 6-16 meeting. I mentioned at the beginning.

“We need to move these negotiations faster. The world expects it.” The government has already acknowledged that climate change is a significant threat to humankind and the planet, and fossil fuels. We advocate urgent action to reduce emissions and prepare for the accelerating impact of global warming.

A summary of this year’s groundbreaking climate report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change states that further delays will “miss a short and rapid closing opportunity to ensure a livable and sustainable future for all. I concluded.

But as things go on, the world may not be able to meet Paris’s commitment to limit global warming “well below” 2 degrees Celsius below pre-industrial levels. Johan Rockström, director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Studies, told AFP: “This is a deep concern.” The world has so far warmed to nearly 1.2 ° C. This is enough to signal the arrival of deadly heat waves, floods and storm surge crescendos that are exacerbated by rising sea levels.

Financing focus

The meeting in Bonn, Germany, is primarily aimed at preparing for the UN COP27 meeting in Sharm el Sheikh in November, but there are some important issues that are controversial. This includes moves to speed up schedules for countries to update their carbon reduction programs and to coordinate emissions reduction actions more quickly with agreed goals to limit global warming. It will be.

Of particular focus is funding from wealthy pollutants to help vulnerable developing countries with the least global heating responsibilities. The $ 100 billion annual promise from 2020 to help them adapt to the world of warming has not yet been fulfilled. Meanwhile, there is a growing demand for “loss and damage” funding from countries that have already been hit by the catastrophic effects on the climate, and there is a concrete dialogue on the subject scheduled for this week. The Small Island Developing States has warned that the Bonn Conference should not be “just another talk shop” and is seeking a “clear view” of when and how this funding will take place.

“Fragile” world

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned last week that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine risks delaying action to combat the climate crisis. “But I think this war shows one thing: the vulnerability of the world’s dependence on fossil fuels,” he added. The aggression has led European countries in particular to scramble to strengthen their energy supply. Also, the prices of wheat and fertilizer have skyrocketed. Concerns about the food crisis have intensified in recent weeks, with India banning wheat exports since the hottest March and April, which was a record-breaking blame for climate-affected harvests. I’m showing you.

One opportunity to show political will comes on Wednesday when the European Parliament votes on some hotly discussed boards of the block’s vast “55-fitting” climate program. EU member states have set a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 and achieving continental carbon neutrality by 2050.

A May non-profit analysis found that the G20 countries in the major economies have not yet strengthened their greenhouse gas reduction targets, even though they have agreed to revisit their plans. Last year, Glasgow could reduce methane emissions, stop deforestation and, in addition to existing national carbon reduction pledges, theoretically curb warming below 2 ° C, according to Rockström. A new pledge has been made to take other steps. But that means that the focus needs to be “accountability” at this year’s conference, he added. “Currently in the delivery phase.” – AFP

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