Questions about Cuba are often asked to him, and the Cuban ambassador to Qatar writes about places to visit when traveling to a fascinating island.

The Cuban Islands cover 109,886.19 km2 of land, of which 107,466.92 km2 make up Cuba (the largest territory) and 2,419.27 km2 is Youth Island and the surrounding Kay.

Its coastline stretches over 6000 kilometers and boasts over 600 beaches. Its capital is Havana, located in the western part of the country.

The island is located in the Caribbean Sea, near several countries such as the Bahamas, Haiti, the United States, Jamaica, Mexico and the Dominican Republic.

The tropical climate alternates between rainy and dry seasons, with pleasant temperatures throughout the year, with averages ranging from 24 ° C on the plains to 26 ° C and above on the east coast.

The Cuban flora is extremely species-rich, with approximately 11,000 reported species. Of these, 6,300 species are endemic (more than 50%), of which 4,500 are dicotyledonous plants.

The country has several mountain ranges, with the highest elevation at the eastern end, Picoturkino, at an altitude of 1974 meters above sea level, forming part of the Sierra Maestra, a symbolic site of Cuban history. The region witnessed a major rebel operation that led to the victory of the Cuban Revolution on January 1, 1959, under the guidance of Fidel Castro Ruth.

For those who want to learn about the rich history of Cuba, some of the best destinations are in the provinces of eastern Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Granma, Holguin and Guantanamo.

Here you can visit the place where Cuban national hero Jose Julian Marti Perez died in battle. It features an obelisk in the town of Dos Rios. At the Manzanillo farm Lade Mahagua, where the long road to Cuba’s independence began on October 10, 1868, or at the historic complex of Vilan, the birthplace of the Fidel and Raul Castro brothers, which are now national monuments. In addition.

world heritage

Perhaps in Qatar, few know that Cuba has the highest number of World Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO on the Caribbean islands.

There are nine cultural and natural heritage sites in all. The first of these is Old Havana and its fortification system, which was listed in 1982.

It is a region rich in historical and cultural treasures that Cubans and foreigners want to visit. Visitors can find military fortresses built in the last few centuries, as well as the famous Floridita Restaurant and Ambos Mundos Hotel, among other attractions. In the latter.

In 1988, UNESCO gave Trinidad and Valle de los Ingenios the same perception. Here you can experience a journey into a bygone (16)th Up to 19th For centuries).

Buildings and streets are maintained in the best style of the time, but most privately owned hostels boast all the modern comforts. The surrounding valleys preserve the remains of a powerful sugar factory reminiscent of the days when Cuba was the world’s largest sugar exporter.

Over the next decade, seven other sites have been listed. That is, Santiago de Cuba’s Castillo del Morro (1997). Desenbarko del Granma National Park (1999); Vinales Valley (1999); Archaeological landscape of the first coffee plantation in southeastern Cuba (2000); Alejandro de Humboldt National Park (2001); Cienfuegos Urban Historical District (2005) ); Camaguey History Center (2008).

Visitors will find various factors that distinguish the Cuban archipelago on all of the sites mentioned above. Like green landscapes, beautiful waterfalls, history with national and international events, traces of immigrants, and above all, the hospitality and friendship of the Cuban people.

The Vinales Valley deserves special mention. It is a fascinating place with a unique stratum in the Caribbean Sea.

The quality of this cultural landscape is enhanced by the vernacular architecture of its farms and villages where a rich multicultural society survives. Its architecture, crafts and music show the cultural development of the Cuban and Caribbean islands. It preserves traditional forms of farming, especially tobacco farming. Therefore, those who choose to visit the Valley can enjoy a combination of unforgettable experiences, including Cuban cuisine.

Vinales Valley

Everything written so far is just a summary of some of the places to visit in Cuba. To keep this article short, there are many other attractions that I refrain from mentioning.

Sun and sand lovers shouldn’t miss the opportunity to dive into the clear and beautiful waters of Varadero, one of the world’s most famous beaches, just 145 km from Havana, about a two-hour drive away. ..

Varadero

In addition, we recommend Havana’s Revolution Square, a symbolic location in Cuba’s 63-year history.

There, generations of Cubans have gathered for years to listen to Fidel Castro’s speeches and witness their support for the revolution.

Also, during the funeral of the leader of the Cuban Revolution, Father Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Harifa al-Tani gave a moving farewell to his friend Fidel in front of a million people. ..

We hope that this unobtrusive article will contribute to more exchanges between visitors between Cuba and Qatar, thereby strengthening the excellent brotherhood between the two countries.

Oscar Leon Gonzalez Ambassador of the Republic of Cuba to Qatar.

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