Cardiovascular disease is one of Ireland’s leading causes of death and disorders, but there are common symptoms for detecting and treating it.

1 Chest pain

Chest pain, perhaps the most obvious sign, may be associated with a “heart attack,” medically known as myocardial infarction. Pain, tension, or chest compressions that spread to the neck, chin, throat, upper abdomen, or back, or arms, are obstructed or narrowed arteries. If it lasts for more than a few minutes, or if you feel sick, you should seek urgent medical assistance.

There are also some less common symptoms that some individuals, especially women, may experience. These can include nausea, indigestion, sweating, and / or heartburn. If this happens in parallel with the chest symptoms mentioned above, it is important to get urgent medical assistance.

2 Shortness of breath

This is a symptom that is generally ignored as a sign of “normal aging” or is generally worse than before. However, shortness of breath during daily activities may indicate that the heart is not pumping blood as effectively as it should be, especially if you are also experiencing swelling of your feet, ankles, or legs. ..

Weight gain caused by swelling of the limbs is ignored too often and results from general weight gain or lack of physical activity. Do not ignore these symptoms, whether they occur suddenly or gradually over time. It is a common sign of heart failure, often worsening when lying down, and may wake up and hold your breath during sleep. Again, early intervention is important to avoid long-term risks, so talk to your doctor.


Professor Jonathan Lyne is a director of cardiac electrophysiology at Beacon Hospital in Dublin and a consultant for cardiac electrophysiology and electrophysiologists.

3 Decreased athletic ability / tolerance

If you are tired of your daily routine, struggling to exercise, or doing chores that you can usually do without getting tired, or if you have other symptoms of shortness of breath or fatigue, you may have heart disease. Arterial obstruction and / or heart failure can be the cause of this malaise. It is imperative to seek medical assistance.

Although these symptoms appear to be very general, they are often associated with cardiac rhythmic disorders. Symptoms of conditions such as atrial fibrillation with irregular or pulsed beats can often lead to general malaise or malaise, without other more specific symptoms.

4 Palpitations

Palpitations is a symptom of the heart beating or feeling like it is skipping. Some explain that they feel strange sensations in their chest, throat, or neck, while others can “fix” themselves by coughing repeatedly.

Palpitations are benign and may be associated with stress, fever, strenuous exercise, or overdose of caffeine / stimulants, but may also be a sign of arrhythmias or rhythmic abnormalities that require treatment. Seek medical attention if you have a history of other heart diseases, or if the frequency and duration of episodes is high.

5 Sudden loss of consciousness

Syncope is caused by a temporary decrease in blood flow to the brain. This may also be due to problems with the return of blood to the heart. It can occur when your blood pressure or heart rate drops. Common with aging, it is associated with a variety of medical conditions and can be a symptom that is difficult to determine. There are few common causes of heart problems, but they can be associated with arrhythmias, arterial blockages, or heart attacks. If you feel dizzy or simply unconscious, with or without the feeling that your heart is beating, of course, seek medical help.

Professor Jonathan Lyne is a director of cardiac electrophysiology at Beacon Hospital in Dublin and a consultant for cardiac electrophysiology and electrophysiologists.

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