The World AIDS Conference in South Africa announced that a new HIV vaccine test will begin in the United Kingdom.

Liberal Democratic Party lawmaker Evan Harris (pictured) will be one of the 18 healthy volunteers participating in the first toxicity test.

“We want to be part of the process of providing something that will save Africa from further devastation,” said Dr. Harris, 35, a member of Oxford West.

The vaccine was developed by researchers at the University of Oxford and the University of Nairobi who studied prostitutes in Kenya and found a group that resisted the disease despite daily exposure.

If the test in Oxford is successful, the test will go to Nairobi in October under the supervision of Professor Jobbuwayo and his team.

Andrew McMichael, a professor of immunology at Oxford University, said: However, the earliest time you can expect a vaccine to be ready is 7 to 10 years. “

Currently, 34 million people worldwide are infected with HIV, 70% of whom live in Africa.

This is the first time the vaccine is based on an HIV strain in Africa. It uses DNA and wildlife viruses similar to those used to fight smallpox.

The Oxford-Nairobi Project is one of 11 similar groups around the world funded by the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (Iavi). Received £ 14m from the UK Government.

Iavi estimates that finding a vaccine within 10 years will require three times the £ 200 million currently spent on research programs.

Vaccination should provide a much cheaper and more effective way to tackle a pandemic, especially for the Third World, where people cannot afford HIV drugs and are banned from developing generic drugs.

Of the $ 20 million spent each year on AIDS around the world, only 2% is spent on vaccine development, according to Iavi.

Courtesy BBC News

In context

The trial began in Oxford in August 2000.

In April 2002, the Oxford-Nairobi project exam was expanded to an additional 120 volunteers in Oxford and London.

In July 2002, US pharmaceutical company VaxGen announced that it could develop a vaccine within five years, and began the final stages of human testing.

By 2001, 15,000 people worldwide were infected with HIV every day.

By 2005, 1.3 million people had access to antiretroviral treatment or ART. Although the target of 3 million people set in 2005 has not yet been reached, this figure has increased rapidly in recent years.

In 2006, an estimated 38.6 million people worldwide live with AIDS.

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