The Carina Nebula’s “Cosmic Cliff” is data from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, an innovative device designed, between the cloud landscape that forms the nebula along the bottom and the relatively transparent top. Seen in images horizontally divided by wavy lines, looking into the universe until dawn, released on July 12, 2022. There are spots on both parts, showing a myriad of stars of various sizes. Distributors via NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, WebbERO Production Team / Reuters

The James Webb Space Telescope gives humanity the deepest view of the farthest parts of the universe, from celestial perches about one million miles from Earth.

NASA, the US space agency, released images taken with a telescope on Tuesday, marveling at the huge gas clouds surrounding the dying star and the hot and humid atmosphere of a huge gaseous planet 1,150 light-years away from Earth. Is newly shown in detail.

Scientists are hoping for a surge in knowledge from telescopes that scan infrared frequencies that are invisible to the human eye but rich in information about the components of the universe.

“I’m very excited,” said Christopher Johns Kururu, a professor of physics and astronomy at Rice University in Houston, who studies planets outside the Earth’s solar system. .. ”

The telescope “will be particularly powerful for seeing planets around other stars,” Johns Kururu said in an interview.

The possibilities include finding life-supporting planets and knowledge of how galaxies are formed, Johns Kururu said.

At the event on Monday, President Joe Biden unveiled the first images showing thousands of galaxies.

“It’s a new window to the history of our universe. It’s amazing to me,” Biden said at the White House.

Named after an early NASA administrator, James Webb launched on December 25, at a cost of approximately $ 11 billion, after more than 20 years of development.

According to NASA, this is the largest, most powerful, and most complex space telescope ever manufactured. Webb is an international program led by NASA with the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency.

The telescope is farther from the Sun than the Earth, and its equipment is protected from the sun’s glare by a tennis court-sized shield deployed after launch. This separation helps the telescope avoid radiation that can impair data collection.

“You can see the darkest things, which means they are the farthest, which means looking back,” said Johns Kururu, an American astronomer. I am saying.

On Monday, NASA said it had thoroughly checked the telescope’s scientific instruments.

“Webb has completed test run activities and is ready to begin full scientific operation,” the agency said in a news release.

NASA expects Webb to retrieve images from the first galaxies that existed hundreds of millions of years ago from the Big Bang, which occurred about 13.8 billion years ago.

NASA said in a news release on June 22 that Webb’s observations would allow researchers to talk to us for the first time about the composition and composition of individual galaxies in the early universe.

NASA Secretary Bill Nelson said at a press conference on June 29, “I may answer some of the questions we have.” What’s more? Who are we? “

Oleg Kargartsev, an associate professor of physics at George Washington University in Washington, DC, plans to use a telescope to investigate emissions from neutron stars and investigate the formation and evolution of ultra-dense objects. I am a member.

“I’m excited to see what’s in these images and want to get the actual data,” Kargartsev said in an email.

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