Qatar and South Sudan established diplomatic relations in September 2020.

Qatar Airways is set to be exposed to more destinations around the world through an agreement signed on Sunday between Doha and South Sudan.

Designed to further open the airspace, this document was written by Mohammed Fale al-Hajiri, who manages the Qatar Civil Aviation Authority, and Captain Svek David Dada, Chief Executive Officer of the South Sudanese Civil Aviation Authority. Ink was applied.

“This agreement comes in the context of linking Qatar with more aviation service agreements, opening up airspace for state airlines to fly to more destinations around the world,” the Qatar News Agency reports. Did.

The agenda also included a means of strengthening bilateral relations between Qatar and South Sudan in the areas of civil aviation, transportation and transportation services.

The latest development is due to Qatar Airways’ announcement of $ 1.5 billion in profits for the past fiscal year.

Gulf Airlines has revealed that this year’s revenue reached $ 14.4 billion. This is a 78% increase compared to last year. During the period from 2021 to 2022, airlines carried 18.5 million passengers, a sharp increase of about 200% from the previous year.

This is seen as a dramatic reversal of past slowdowns as Qatar Airways addressed a net loss of $ 4.1 billion in the previous accounting cycle with the Covid-19 pandemic and the grounding of more than 20 A350 jets. ..

Akbar Al Baker, Chief Executive Officer of Qatar Airways, said:

“Strategic investment in a variety of fleets of modern fuel-efficient aircraft has helped us overcome key challenges associated with capacity constraints while balancing commercial needs as quickly as possible. . “

Relationship between Qatar and South Sudan

Qatar and the Republic of South Sudan established diplomatic relations in September 2020.

In December 2020, Doha welcomed the signing of a final agreement signed in Khartoum to end the civil war and division of power in South Sudan.

The Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs at the time hoped that Doha would show a new horizon that this agreement would strengthen the foundation of stability and security, through which all parties would leave behind a “war-filled” past. He said he was.

South Sudanese politics

South Sudan has achieved independence after many years of referendum on self-determination in 2011. However, two years later, a political crisis within the ruling party revealed a flawed institution and deep historical division between South Sudanese communities.

Beginning as an elite political line, the conflict soon envisioned ethnic differences.

In December 2013, the new country at the time fell into a devastating seven-year civil war. Peace agreements were signed by various political parties in 2018, but conflicts between communities continued.

At least 400,000 people were killed in the civil war, and Human Rights Watch said, “The conflict was the result of a power struggle between political elites who manipulated ethnic divisions and dissatisfaction.”

The war broke out between President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s government forces, armed opposition groups, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, and other armed groups and related militias.

Following the 2018 Peace Accords, the Transitional Government of National Unity was established in February 2020. However, the peace treaty seems to have failed to deal with the resentment between national authorities, ignoring the root cause of the war.

Since then, community violence has been rampant, partly due to “spillover dissatisfaction” from war and competition for land, cattle and grazing.

As a result, hundreds of thousands of people have been killed or evacuated.

The UN Security Council claims that the power vacuum between the 2018 peace agreement and the delay in the appointment of state ministers and county commissioners in 2020 and 2021 has calmed the conflict.

The number of people evacuated due to the conflict in South Sudan has increased cumulatively every year since the country witnessed the signing of a peace agreement in 2018, 144,238 in 2019 and 172,447 in 2020. , 223,498 people were evacuated from January to September 2021 alone.

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