Britain’s longest serving head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, ruled for 70 years, leading the monarchy through difficult times and appointing more than 15 prime ministers.

Britain is in mourning after Queen Elizabeth II was announced to have died on September 8, 2022 at the age of 96.

The Queen, who celebrated her 70th anniversary of her accession to the throne this year with a platinum jubilee, has been plagued with health problems since last October that have made travel difficult. She also battled Covid-19 infection in February this year, after which she stepped back from many public duties to allow her successor, Prince Charles, to attend her engagement on her behalf.

Most recently, he canceled a meeting with senior political advisers scheduled for Wednesday after being told to skip it. The day before, she held an audience with outgoing Prime Minister Boris Johnson at her retreat in the Scottish Highlands, Balmoral, to appoint her successor, Liz Truss.

Buckingham Palace said on Thursday that the Queen’s doctors were “concerned” about her health and recommended she be placed under medical supervision.The Queen’s children and grandchildren will be with her soon. I traveled to Balmoral to be in

Heir to the throne of George VI

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born in London on April 21, 1926, the day her uncle Edward VIII ascended the throne. In 1936, King Edward abdicated and was succeeded by his brother George VI, leaving Elizabeth second in line to the throne. In the years that followed, she was systematically prepared for her role: in 1940, a year after the Second World War began, For the first time, he gave a speech, addressing the children of the country and the Commonwealth.

Meanwhile, Princess Elizabeth served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS), the women’s arm of the British Army during World War II. Here, she obtained her driver’s license for both regular cars and heavy trucks and completed her training as an auto mechanic.

In 1984, a year after marrying Prince Philip of Greece, her eldest son and future heir to the throne, Prince Charles, was born. The family eventually grew further with the birth of Anne, Andrew and Edward.

In February 1952, King George VI died after a long illness. Her young Princess Elizabeth was in Kenya with her husband at the time, and she was crowned queen at the age of 25. Sixteen months later, on 2 June 1953, she had her coronation at Westminster Abbey. Despite being head of state for Britain and her 16 other Commonwealth States, her powers have always been limited. One of her annual delegate duties was to open the House of Lords in London.

During her 70 years on the British throne, Queen Elizabeth oversaw the appointment of 15 different heads of government, with Winston Churchill being the first. Since her coronation, the Queen has held private weekly meetings with the current Prime Minister during which they discuss the situation in the country, but the exact content of these meetings remains unknown after leaving Buckingham Palace confinement. It is not.


In 1969, the Queen established her role as heir to the throne by appointing her eldest son Charles as Prince of Wales. In 1981, Prince Charles married his lady Diana Spencer. Years of scandals and excess coverage of the monarchy followed. In 1992, the couple announced their separation, but the divorce was finalized four years later.

Princess Diana died in a car accident in Paris in August 1997. Her death was a serious crisis for the royal family. Queen Elizabeth was criticized for not lowering the royal flag in front of Buckingham Palace, but a compromise was found when her Union Jack was lowered instead. On rare occasions, the Queen and Prince Philip went outside the palace to see the flowers and ornaments people brought in honor of Princess Diana.

Queen Elizabeth received important guidance from her mother during her reign. Elizabeth Bowes-Lion, also known as her “Queen Mom,” died in 2002 at the age of 101.

In 2007, Queen Elizabeth overtook Queen Victoria (1819-1901) to become Britain’s oldest monarch at 81 years, 7 months and 29 days. Three years later she welcomed Pope Benedict Her XVI on the first papal visit to the Anglican island.

In 2011, grandson Prince William married longtime partner Kate Middleton in London. Two years later, the Queen’s first great-grandson, George of Cambridge, was born. In addition, her two great-grandchildren, Charlotte and Louis, soon joined the family.

Prince Harry married American actress Meghan Markle in 2018. The marriage left its mark on the royal family, with both Harry and Meghan eventually resigning from their royal duties and moving to the United States. Therefore, the Queen does not have much close contact with her other great-grandchildren, Archie and Lilibet.

In 2017, the Queen didn’t want to celebrate her 65th anniversary on the throne, considering it was also the day her father died. Did.

Prince Philip died at Windsor Castle on April 9, 2020, just two months before his 100th birthday. The Queen thus said her goodbyes to her husband, who ended her 73-year marriage. The coronavirus pandemic limited her attendance to just 30 people in line with regulations, allowing the Queen to endure the service sitting alone.Just weeks later, the Queen resumed her official duties. We have resumed.

Abdication was never an issue for the Queen, but in her later years, both Prince Charles and Prince William took over several duties in the public eye.

70 years on the throne

Some biographers have described Queen Elizabeth as astute and humorous, and her critics called her cold and hostile, especially after Princess Diana’s death. She is rumored to have struggled with her sense of duty and lack of warmth, even with Charles.

Despite this, Queen Elizabeth has always been popular at home and abroad. In October 2021, her wax figure of Queen Elizabeth was presented to Madame Her at Tussauds.

At her engagement in October 2021, the Queen was seen using a stick for the first time in 17 years. She was later taken to the hospital for tests and a “preliminary investigation” and stayed overnight. It was announced at the time that she had been advised to rest.

In February 2022, it was announced that the Queen had Covid-19. She was told she had mild symptoms and said she remained “tired” after recovering.

In June 2022, the Queen will become the first British monarch to celebrate a platinum jubilee marking her 70th anniversary on the throne. The occasion was marked by a series of events across Britain and the Commonwealth, with parades, street parties, special pageants and concerts presided over by members of the royal family.

The Queen herself attended the Trooping of the Color parade at the opening of the Jubilee weekend and was photographed on the balcony of Buckingham Palace, but was later identified after experiencing “discomfort”. refused to participate in the engagement of

The Queen did not attend the service at St Paul’s Cathedral, but was attended by Prince Charles and his wife, the Duchess of Cornwall and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. She then made a virtual appearance at her concert Platinum Her Party which drew an audience of approximately 22,000 people.

On Sunday, about 60,000 people attended the Jubilee Lunch and street parties despite bad weather. The celebration culminated in a jubilee pageant of 10,000 attendees that traversed the streets of London. The Queen then made her final appearance before the crowd on the balcony of Buckingham Palace alongside Prince Charles, Duchess Camilla, Prince William, Duchess Kate and their three young children. .

In July, the monarch visited his summer residence at Balmoral Mansion in Scotland, where he spent his final days with members of his family.

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