Russian President Vladimir Putin meets with Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov on May 18, 2022 in Moscow, Russia.file photo / Reuters
Moscow: Russia’s aviation industry will go on its own without the West by producing 1,000 passenger planes using domestically manufactured components by 2030, ending reliance on Boeing and Airbus state-owned engineer Rostec said.
Rostec, a giant state-owned company headed by a close ally of President Vladimir Putin, which includes Russia’s only commercial aircraft maker, said the country’s aviation sector sees the confrontation with the West as a permanent schism so far. is most strongly demonstrated in
The biggest change to the Russian economy since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989-1991 has come after Russia sent thousands of troops to Ukraine and the West imposed the toughest sanctions in modern history. That’s what I did.
The assumptions of the post-Soviet aviation industry were turned upside down. Foreign-made aircraft, mostly Boeing and Airbus, make up 95% of his passenger traffic, but sanctions have made it unlikely and without spare parts.
Reuters reported in August that Russian airlines, including state-owned Aeroflot, were dismantling jetliners to secure spare parts that could no longer be purchased abroad due to Western sanctions.
But Rostec, led by Sergei Kemezov, who worked with Putin in East Germany in the 1980s, sees the upheaval as an opportunity to build a strong and self-sustaining aviation industry.
“Foreign aircraft will drop out of the fleet,” Rostec said in a written response to Reuters’ questions about its plans and the state of Russia’s aviation industry.
“We believe this process is irreversible and that Boeing and Airbus planes will never be handed over to Russia,” he said.
Rostec has operated some of Russia’s major industrial, defense and engineering assets since President Putin signed a decree establishing the company in 2007.
Russian airlines, including Aeroflot, have spent big on Boeing and Airbus aircraft in an attempt to rebuild their fleets after the turmoil of the 1990s. It will be difficult to create a competitive domestic alternative.
The goal of building 1,000 passenger planes by 2030 is “fundamentally impossible,” says aerospace analyst Richard Aboulafia, managing director of US-based AeroDynamic Advisory. .
“Even when they could get semiconductors and other vital parts from the West, they were having a very hard time building more than a handful of jets,” he said.
Compared to the new seven-year target, Russia and the rest of the Soviet Union had so far built only about 2,000 large commercial jetliners in total, he added.
When it comes to modern jets, Rostec’s United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), Russia’s only commercial aircraft manufacturer, is limited by a shortage of models, manufacturing capacity, and foreign-made parts.
According to a document prepared by the government and confirmed by Reuters entitled “On the strategic direction of activities in new conditions for the period to 2030”, half of the components and technologies used in the Russian aircraft industry in 2021 was from abroad. .
Rostec needs to find or make parts.
“Our next goal is to complete the import substitution of imported parts delivered from abroad in the shortest possible time for the promising aviation projects SSJ-New and MS-21,” said Rostec. increase.
According to the Russian Aviation Industry’s development plan for the Russian aviation industry to 2030, from 2024 Russia will have 20 fully imported regional jets, known as Superjet-New, and from 2029 72 new medium-range MSs. It plans to produce the -21, with six to start in 2024. Government in June.
Russia is testing a new MS-21 plane with domestically produced PD-14 engines instead of the US-made PW1400G supplied by Pratt & Whitney.
The MS-21 was Russia’s attempt to break into a major segment of the jet market dominated by Airbus and Boeing.
But it has struggled to replace the Superjet’s foreign-made components, including the SaM-146 engine, which was designed by a joint venture with French engine company Safran and can no longer be produced due to sanctions.
UAC continues to produce superjets from its SaM-146 inventory and plans to deliver 20 more jets with this engine, Rostec said.
“They will be the last ones where our partner solution with Safran will be used, after which we will equip this type of aircraft with PD-8 engines,” said Rostec. The PD-8 engine is also Russian.
“Starting this year, we will not rely on international cooperation with Western countries,” Rostec said. “We can confidently say that the MS-21 with American-made engines will not enter the Russian market.”
From 2022 to 2030, Russia will deliver 1,036 passenger aircraft. According to government documents, this included 142 Superjet-News and 270 MS-21s, 70 turboprop Il-114s, 70 medium-range Tu-214s and 12 widebody Il-96s. is included and designed locally.
“We do not expect sanctions to be eased and are planning based on existing severe scenarios,” Rostec said.