Washington must not blindly respond to the authoritarian stability debate-this story has already been sold in a much more convincing way by China and Russia.
The fact that US President Joe Biden felt the need to write an editorial Washington post Before going to Saudi Arabia, it shows how much pressure the US government is under domestic pressure.
Bipartisan lobbying in Washington to honor the promise of his campaign to expel the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia for his involvement in the killing of U.S.-based journalist Jamal Khashoggi is solid. It remains.
At the same time, the White House recognizes that partners in the Gulf countries, especially Saudi Arabia, remain important as the center of gravity of global energy geopolitics.
Global energy politics
The United States needs to find a comprehensive approach to strengthening upstream and downstream energy security while ensuring a supply chain that is inevitably linked to Gulf energy power plants.
Riyadh, Abu Dhabi and Doha continue to seek ways to transform energy wealth into political capital and influence. Oil imports from the Gulf are far less important to the United States (net energy exporters) than they were decades ago, especially in the areas of gas and hydrogen, but the region remains a key to US energy interests.
But in a multipolar world, Washington needs to understand that they are no longer the only major power in the block.
Thanks to the increased energy interconnectivity, we are competing for influence with Russia and China, which are becoming more strategically synergistic with the region.
For this reason, Biden should not make this trip to Jeddah on an increase in oil production quotas, which has little help in alleviating the multivariable energy crisis that is pushing up inflation in the United States.
Instead, there is no short-term solution to the current energy crisis, so the president needs to develop a long-term strategy on how to integrate Gulf energy forces into a US-led partnership.
Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) alone cannot afford to cut prices in an energy crisis that far exceeds the consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Similarly, leveraging their strategic stockpiling capacity can backfire as it makes the market more uncertain.
In addition, the problem of supply shortages at this time lies not only in crude oil production, but also in the lack of downstream capacity. Therefore, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates will be willing to use their reserve capabilities in return for the half-hearted promises of the ambiguous superpowers in the region.
Therefore, Washington needs to take this opportunity to provide a real vision for the region.
Need a sustainable roadmap
Biden’s editorial Washington post There were scattered old stories and assumptions from the days gone by.
The United States needs to outline a sustainable and reliable roadmap for dealing with key elephants in the room, such as human rights, good governance, Palestinian issues, and Iran, as well as energy and supply chains.
The reason is that Saudi Arabia and Emiratis’s pivoting from the United States to Russia and China cannot be defeated by the United States as much as it is being driven by the lack of a clear, coherent and credible U.S. position. This is because it is driven by the interdependence of energy. An important issue in the area.
Qatar positively responded to US requests to ease pressure on the gas market in early January, but Saudi Arabia will do nothing to jeopardize its oil partnership with Russia.
The reason is that for both the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, the energy partnership between Moscow and Beijing is undertaken by an expanding ideological and strategic partnership.
It was no coincidence that the Kremlin’s informal Middle Eastern envoy Kadilov was hosted by MbS during a pilgrimage to Mecca at Eid al-Adha just before the Jeddah Summit.
If the United States intends to counter these ideological and strategic aggressions that Russia and China are making, the United States needs to be more trading in its engagement with its Gulf partners.
The United States needs to combine its further commitment to the region to confront what it believes and clarify its value terms.
Realpolitik It also means that Washington should not blindly respond to the debate on authoritarian stability. This story is already sold in a much more compelling way by China and Russia.
Bridging the US voice gap means that its partners are bound by the same standards as their enemies, including Israel.
This means that the United States needs to build energy partnerships and networks involving countries such as Iran. Iran’s reserves can make a difference and may put pressure on Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to actually engage constructively with Tehran.
A more comprehensive approach to energy security also means going beyond the mere story of energy transformation to jointly develop infrastructure and supply chain resilience.
As in the area of strategic geopolitics, the United States uses all areas of influence to ensure that partners act in the interests of the United States, rather than simply responding to pressures and impulses. It needs to develop into a shaper.
Dr. Andreas Krieg, King’s College London – Associate Professor, Faculty of Security.
The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policies or positions of Doha News, its editorial board or staff.