Paris: The global transition to clean energy sources is “fair” and must be funded by hydrocarbon trade, the oil-rich Minister of Climate Change of the Arab Emirates told AFP. Mariam Almheili was interviewed in France. There, Western Europe wilted under a wildfire that devoured the scorching sun and forests, and intense heat waves recorded record temperatures.

Experts have blamed climate change and predict that extreme weather events will occur more frequently in the future. “It’s not a switch. It’s not ready yet. She said in an interview Monday when President Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates visited Paris for energy negotiations. rice field.

The Minister of Climate Change and the Environment emphasized that the UAE is using oil and gas wealth to increase renewable resources: “Because not all countries are at the same level … just a transition is needed. I added. “We need to build equipment from the energy we get to do that,” she said. “Clean and renewable energy costs money.”

The international community is very much in agreement that climate change poses an existential threat to the future of the planet and humanity. However, as well as helping vulnerable countries facing the devastation of changing climates, actions to reduce and accelerate the impact of carbon pollution have been delayed.

“Offers”

Increasing pressure is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, with food and energy prices skyrocketing. Western sanctions aimed at destroying Russia, a major energy producer, have resulted in sharply higher fuel costs in Europe and the United States as a result of rising inflation. This has led the United States and Europe to try to persuade oil-rich countries like the UAE to increase their energy supply and bring prices back under control.

“Look at what we are experiencing now. A few months ago, people were pointing at us:” Why are you still in production? “Now they are” Please produce, please produce. ” OPEC’s top oil producer, the rapid growth of the UAE since the 1970s has been driven by its wealth of energy. But the desert nations of 1 million locals and 9 million foreigners, who have diversified their economies for decades, are becoming less dependent on gasoline and are now earning income. Makes up only 30% of GDP.

At the same time, the oil and gas industry predicts that it will need to invest more than $ 600 billion annually until 2030 just to meet expected demand. “We are a country that has oil and gas as its natural resources. We don’t have water … as long as the world needs the oil and gas we provide,” Almheili said.

The country was built on oil, but is spending billions of dollars to develop enough renewable energy to cover half of its needs by 2050. We are building two of the world’s largest solar power plants in the capital Abu Dhabi and Dubai. We also participate in a nuclear club with the world’s first Barakah nuclear power plant in the Arab world. And last year, we launched a “strategic initiative” aimed at carbon neutrality by 2050.

Two-sided approach

Meteorologists predict more frequent and intense episodes of extreme weather in the coming years. “Increased frequency, duration, and intensity of these events over the last few decades are clearly associated with observed planetary warming and may be due to human activity,” the World Meteorological Organization said. Says.

Future heat waves will depend heavily on how quickly the world economy can be decarbonized. Some French towns and cities recorded record highs on Monday, but the Gulf region is also at risk. In this area, summer means suffering for those who work outside, along with the risk of dehydration, heat stroke and heart failure. Energy-rich Gulf countries ban working outdoors during the hottest hours of the day.

According to a study by the journal Nature Climate Change, parts of the Gulf region could be hit by “unprecedented deadly heat events as a result of climate change” during this century. Almheili said his country, which will host the UN Climate Change Conference COP28 next year, has taken a “two-sided approach” while advocating further investment in oil and gas. “We are increasing renewable energy because we have goals for where we want to reach, and we are decarburizing oil and gas.” – AFP

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